Global Health Summit 2008

Main Contents
Follow-Up Meeting in Tokyo

organizer
supporter
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare
  • Ministry of Finance

Media

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Newspaper
  • The Nihon Keizai Shimbun

    March 11th 2008,
    Morning Edition, page 29
    Keizai Kyoshitsu

    Japan should demonstrate leadership in global health

    French

  • The Japan Times

    February 24th 2008, page 2

    World Bank asks Japan to double medical ODA

  • The Japan Times

    February 18th 2008, page 2

    Experts push global health initiatives for G8 summit
    >>Online version

  • The Asahi Shimbun

    February 11th 2008, Morning Edition, page 4
    Opinion column "Today’s Topic"

    Global Health Summit to convene on February 16th (Sat)

TV
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The Nihon Keizai Shimbun
March 11th 2008,
Morning Edition, page 29
Keizai Kyoshitsu

zoom

 

French

 

Japan is expected to play a leading role in development assistance in the area of global health. Japan has led the fight against infectious diseases in the world. Now Japan should focus on issues where progress is lagging such as challenges in maternal and child health. In order to do so, it is crucial to incorporate the financial support and know-how of the private sector.

Japan calls for worldwide commitment to global health

A major issue for the G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit – in addition to responding to the worldwide economic slowdown and addressing climate change – is the progress of developing nations, in particular the issue of global health. This issue will also be a focus of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development, which will convene in May in Yokohama.

The number of deaths from the three major infectious diseases, namely HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis, is estimated to be six million annually. This means someone dies every five seconds from one of these diseases. In the area of maternal and child health, a half million women die annually from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, and more than 11 million children die each year before reaching the age of five. Developing countries are hardest hit, especially the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, where the most severe conditions exist. There is a striking disparity between developed and developing countries: the infant mortality rate of the poorest countries is more than 50 times greater than that of Japan, while the maternal mortality rate of the poorest countries is more than 200 times greater.

The goals of global health are to halt these continuing deaths from treatable diseases concentrated in the developing world, to fight world poverty through such efforts, and ultimately to contribute to human security and peace building.

It is Japan which cast this issue of global health as a worldwide challenge. At the G8 Okinawa Summit in 2000, Japan called for a global commitment to fight infectious diseases including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria and took the initiative in creating two frameworks which shaped the subsequent efforts of the international community.

One of the frameworks is the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which 189 nations adopted at the United Nations two months after the G8 Summit. It sets eight goals for the international community to achieve by the year of 2015, four of which are related to global health. Specifically, these goals are eradicating hunger, reducing child mortality and maternal mortality, and combating HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. The MDGs establishes a drastic reduction target for each goal.

The other framework is the Global Fund, which was established in 2002 after two years of discussion. The Fund was established to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. It is estimated that the Fund has helped save the lives of 2.5 million people over the last five years.

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